Kindergarten Mathematics
Kindergarten
In Kindergarten, instructional time should focus on two critical areas: (1) representing and comparing whole numbers, initially with sets of objects; (2) describing shapes and space. More learning time in Kindergarten should be devoted to number than to other topics.
 Students use numbers, including written numerals, to represent quantities and to solve quantitative problems, such as counting objects in a set; counting out a given number of objects; comparing sets or numerals; and modeling simple joining and separating situations with sets of objects, or eventually with equations such as 5 + 2 = 7 and 7 – 2 = 5. (Kindergarten students should see addition and subtraction equations, and student writing of equations in kindergarten is encouraged, but it is not required.) Students choose, combine, and apply effective strategies for answering quantitative questions, including quickly recognizing the cardinalities of small sets of objects, counting and producing sets of given sizes, counting the number of objects in combined sets, or counting the number of objects that remain in a set after some are taken away.
 Students describe their physical world using geometric ideas (e.g., shape, orientation, spatial relations) and vocabulary. They identify, name, and describe basic twodimensional shapes, such as squares, triangles, circles, rectangles, and hexagons, presented in a variety of ways (e.g., with different sizes and orientations), as well as threedimensional shapes such as cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres. They use basic shapes and spatial reasoning to model objects in their environment and to construct more complex shapes.
Grade K Overview
Counting and Cardinality
 Know number names and the count sequence.
 Count to tell the number of objects.
 Compare numbers.
 http://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/CC/
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
 Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
 http://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/OA/
Number and Operations in Base Ten
 Work with numbers 1119 to gain foundations for place value.
 http://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/NBT/
Measurement and Data
 Describe and compare measurable attributes.
 Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category
 http://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/MD/
Geometry
 Identify and describe shapes.
 Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes.
 http://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/G/
*Information provided from: http://www.corestandards.org/
Grade K Tentative Math Pacing Calendar
September 
Topic One 
Numbers 0 to 5

October 
Topic Two 
Compare Numbers 0 to 5

October 
Topic Three 
Numbers 6 to 10

November 
Topic Four 
Compare Numbers 0 to 10

November/December 
Topic Five 
Classify and Count Data

December 
Topic Six 
Understand Addition

January 
Topic Seven 
Understand Subtraction

January/February 
Topic Eight 
More Addition and Subtraction

March

Topic Nine 
Count Number to 20 
March 
Topic Ten 
Compose and Decompose Numbers 11 to 19

March/April 
Topic Eleven 
Count Numbers to 100

April 
Topic Twelve 
Identify and Describe Shapes

May 
Topic Thirteen 
Analyze, Compare and Create Shapes

June 
Topic Fourteen 
Describe and Compare Measurable Attributes 