## Kindergarten Mathematics

Kindergarten

In Kindergarten, instructional time should focus on two critical areas: (1) representing and comparing whole numbers, initially with sets of objects; (2) describing shapes and space. More learning time in Kindergarten should be devoted to number than to other topics.

1. Students use numbers, including written numerals, to represent quantities and to solve quantitative problems, such as counting objects in a set; counting out a given number of objects; comparing sets or numerals; and modeling simple joining and separating situations with sets of objects, or eventually with equations such as 5 + 2 = 7 and 7 – 2 = 5. (Kindergarten students should see addition and subtraction equations, and student writing of equations in kindergarten is encouraged, but it is not required.) Students choose, combine, and apply effective strategies for answering quantitative questions, including quickly recognizing the cardinalities of small sets of objects, counting and producing sets of given sizes, counting the number of objects in combined sets, or counting the number of objects that remain in a set after some are taken away.
2. Students describe their physical world using geometric ideas (e.g., shape, orientation, spatial relations) and vocabulary. They identify, name, and describe basic two-dimensional shapes, such as squares, triangles, circles, rectangles, and hexagons, presented in a variety of ways (e.g., with different sizes and orientations), as well as three-dimensional shapes such as cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres. They use basic shapes and spatial reasoning to model objects in their environment and to construct more complex shapes.

Counting and Cardinality

Operations and Algebraic Thinking

Number and Operations in Base Ten

Measurement and Data

Geometry

*Information provided from: http://www.corestandards.org/

Grade K Tentative Math Pacing Calendar

 September Topic One Numbers 0 to 5 October Topic Two Compare Numbers 0 to 5 October Topic Three Numbers 6 to 10 November Topic Four Compare Numbers 0 to 10 November/December Topic Five Classify and Count Data December Topic Six Understand Addition January Topic Seven Understand Subtraction January/February Topic Eight More Addition and Subtraction March Topic Nine Count Number to 20 March Topic Ten Compose and Decompose Numbers 11 to 19 March/April Topic Eleven Count Numbers to 100 April Topic Twelve Identify and Describe Shapes May Topic Thirteen Analyze, Compare and Create Shapes June Topic Fourteen Describe and Compare Measurable Attributes